One man is dead and three police officers have been wounded in Copenhagen after a coffee house was sprayed with full-auto gunfire during an event titled “‘Art, blasphemy and the freedom of expression” organized by the artist Lars Vilks.
Below, the cafe under attack was hit by an estimated 200 bullets.
The cartoonist was part of the Danish cartoon controversy of Mohammed drawings published in the newspaper Jyllands-Posten in 2005. Any graphic expression Mohammed is considered blasphemy by hostile Muslims, and Vilks has been attacked before.
It’s reasonable to assume that Allah’s unfriendly gangsters are pumped up by their success in the mass assassination of the Charlie Hebdo staff in Paris early this year. Vilks is certainly high on their list of targets for practicing free speech according to Western principles.
Robert Spencer observed that the attack occurred on the anniversary of Iran declaring a fatwa on Salman Rushdie in 1989, another assault on free speech.
Any freedom-loving people should end Muslim immigration immediately if they want their societies to survive intact.
Obama is riding roughshod over the Constitution, national sovereignty and the separation of powers because he knows the spineless Congressional Republican leadership won’t impeach, no matter what he does.
WASHINGTON—U.S. Sen. Jeff Sessions (R-AL), Chairman of the Subcommittee on Immigration and the National Interest, today commented on the discovery that President Obama’s amnesty decree will confer citizenship on potentially hundreds of thousands of illegal immigrants through a procedure known as ‘advanced parole’:
“Every day seemingly brings a new revelation about the President’s executive amnesty. We’ve learned that illegal immigrants will be given billions in free cash tax credits. We’ve learned that illegal immigrants will be given trillions in lifetime federal entitlement benefits through Social Security and Medicare. We’ve learned that illegal immigrants will be given driver’s licenses, creating new avenues for voter fraud. We’ve learned that the President’s edict will allow companies to replace American workers with illegal workers instead.
Our laws have been dismantled, stripped bare.
Now today House Judiciary Committee Chairman Bob Goodlatte has unearthed a new scandal. In his executive decree, the President has opened up the possibility that hundreds of thousands of individuals illegally in the United States will be ‘paroled’ and given U.S. citizenship. Such a policy extends birthright citizenship to the foreign-born who unlawfully set their feet upon American soil.
It is an offense to the very idea of citizenship as something sacred, precious, and treasured.
Perhaps this newest scandal will finally provide our Senate Democrat colleagues with reason enough to end their filibuster and allow debate on the House funding bill to proceed. Maintaining and enforcing borders, and the rules of entry and departure, are not partisan fodder but the pillars of sovereignty; at its most basic level, the question for the nation is whether we wish to remain one.”
[NOTE: To view the House Judiciary Committee’s analysis and explanation, please click here.]
Also, here’s a clip from Senator Sessions speaking Thursday in support of American workers:
JEFF SESSIONS: The unemployed exceed job openings in almost every industry in America and we know unemployment is exceedingly high . . . there are six times as many construction as there are job openings. . . . Remember, we are also at a time of this high unemployment, we’re going to be legalizing five million people to take jobs. We get over 200,000 jobs created in a month, it take 180 to 200 just to stay level with the growth of the population of America.
CBS newsman Bob Simon’s black-car driver was a rookie with nine license suspensions who is suspected of speeding during the fatal crash — and had just one hand on the wheel because he had a “dead” left arm from a suicide attempt, sources said Thursday.
Investigators believe Abdul Reshad Fedahi, a 44-year-old Afghan immigrant who lives in a homeless shelter, mistakenly hit the gas instead of the brake after sideswiping a car on the West Side Highway at about 6:45 p.m. Wednesday, law enforcement sources said.
“He hit the gas pedal instead of the brake. He sped up after hitting the car,” a law enforcement source told The Post.
“There were no skid marks,” a source said.
The Lincoln Town Car had been heading downtown in the left lane. It appeared to have been speeding — going up to 50 mph in a 35-mph zone — when it grazed a Mercedes-Benz C30 driven by Zachary Miller, 23, in the center lane near West 30th Street, law enforcement sources said.
The Town Car then veered to the left, slamming into the metal barriers, or bollards, that separate the highway’s northbound and southbound lanes, sources said.
Simon, a “60 Minutes’’ correspondent and legendary war reporter, was sitting in the rear seat without his seat belt, sources said. He suffered a broken neck and severe stomach and head trauma.
“The car is crushed. He was crushed. He had broken legs. His chest was crushed,” a source said, adding that the Bronx native had to be extricated from the mangled wreck through the roof.
Simon, 73, went into cardiac arrest on the way to Roosevelt Hospital in Midtown, where he was pronounced dead at about 7:20 p.m. Continue reading this article
It was terrible news for all inquiring minds when CBS journalist Bob Simon was killed Wednesday in a New York City car crash. At a time when much of the media spews liberal propaganda rather than provide facts about a complex world, Simon enlightened the public with a gentle story-teller’s hand. His death is a real loss and a reminder of what reporters are supposed to do.
One of my favorite pieces was his 2009 Sixty Minutes segment about the head of the Orthodox Christian Church, Patriarch Bartholomew, who was made to feel increasingly unwelcome in Muslim Istanbul. Much of early Christian history occurred in Turkey, and two million Orthodox lived there a century ago, but now, only 4,000 Orthodox faithful remain in the country following an expulsion of 1.5 million in 1923 and the 1955 anti-Christian riots in Istanbul that convinced 150,000 to leave.
Simon presented an honest picture of how tough life is for Christians in Muslim nations, something not often seen on the broadcast networks.
Another fine film was Simon’s 35-minute documentary about the late athlete Lou Zamperini on the occasion of the 1998 Winter Olympics in Nagano Japan, where the younger Zamperini was held as a prisoner of war in WWII. A month ago, I read Laura Hillenbrand’s biography of the veteran, Unbroken, A World War II Story of Survival, Resilience, and Redemption, and the Simon film was a worthy portrayal of Zamperini’s amazing life. I felt far more trusting of the Bob Simon depiction rather than Anjelina Jolie’s Hollywood film, which I haven’t seen.
The cab driver in the crash which killed veteran CBS correspondent Bob Simon had his license suspended at least half a dozen times prior to the fatal accident and had two traffic convictions, the NYPD confirmed today.
Reshad Abdul Fedahi, 44, of Queens, New York, had multiple cleared suspensions and was driving on a probationary license.
The Taxi and Limousine Commission did not comment on the driver’s previous suspensions on Thursday but the agency earlier confirmed that Fedahi’s probationary license had been suspended pending the outcome of the investigation.
Holding a probationary license means that the driver has been behind the wheel for less than a year.
A preliminary investigation into the Manhattan crash which killed the 73-year-old also suggested that a combination of speed, an inexperienced driver and the fact the reporter wasn’t wearing a seatbelt could be responsible, according to police sources. [. . .]
CORCORAN: This is Obama’s continued lawlessness on the whole subject of immigration. This is the purview of Congress. The President is expanding refugee law and in fact this should be done through Congress. . . .
One of the things people don’t understand about the refugee resettlement program is that it is the most desirable form, in my view, of immigration because those refugees who are designated refugees are given all forms of welfare virtually upon arrival in the United States: subsidized housing, food stamps, healthcare, job counseling and training. . . .
We have a lot of sympathy for poor people in other countries but this will open our gates to any country in the world who says I want my poor children to come to America as a refugee. . . .
My biggest problem is the lawlessness coming from the White House on this particular issue. I followed the refugee program for the last seven years; this is a major jump in expansion of the program. I also think that immigration is our existential threat in this country, both the numbers and who we are bringing in.
President Obama’s new border security plan is being expanded to allow illegals in the United States to bring their children, their adult children, their grandchildren and even step-parents into the United States.
Once the new program is established, future officials can expand it to include more economic migrants from more poor countries, she told The Daily Caller.
The program was initially announced last November as a fix for the fast-growing wave of “unaccompanied alien children” that were being escorted by coyotes to the Texas border, on behalf of parents living illegally in the United States. After the children and youths were delivered to the U.S. border agency, Obama’s deputies completed the contracts by delivering the children to their parents.
The program is called the “In-Country Refugee/Parole Processing for Minors in Honduras, El Salvador and Guatemala,” or the “Central American Minors – CAM” program.
The expansion was announced Feb. 9. “This program is primarily aimed at minors,” from El Salvador, Guatemala or Honduras, said the Feb. 9 statement from the Department of Homeland Security.
But “unmarried children of the qualifying child who are under the age of 21 can be included as derivatives… [and] a parent [by marriage] of the qualifying child may be included if he/she is part of the same household and economic unit as the qualifying child.”
New spouses will be eligible, if “he/she is legally married to the qualifying parent at the time the qualifying parent files the CAM-Affidavit of Relationship.”
The rules means that current unmarried illegals will also be allowed to marry people in Central America, and then sponsor them for the extremely valuable prizes of U.S. residency and citizenship.
The expansion also means that Obama will allow even the grandchildren and adult children of illegal immigrants to be given residency, citizenship, free use of government aid and entry into crowded classrooms alongside undereducated American kids. Many of the Central Americans children and youths have little education and many don’t speak English. Continue reading this article
Allah’s thugs in the Boko Haram gang have been marauding through Nigeria, mass-murdering and kidnapping school girls along the way to be forced to convert to Muslims and become sex slaves of jihadists, a common practice of Islam. In fact, the Boko violence has caused Nigeria to postpone its upcoming presidential election which was scheduled for February 14. More than 6000 civilians were killed by Boko jihadists last year.
However, a few girls have managed to escape their captors, and provide insight into Boko Haram’s particular flavor of Islamic barbarity, hinted at by the group’s name, which means “Western education is sin.”
It’s been more than 300 days since Islamic terrorists with the group Boko Haram snatched more than 270 girls from a boarding school in Nigeria in the dead of night.
Despite a worldwide outcry and military action, most of the girls are still missing. But some have managed to escape.
“They told us that if we do not convert to Islam they will slit our throats. They asked the healthy ones to perform the (Islamic) rites while we, the sick ones, did not perform the rites,” 15-year-old Abigail John, who was held by Boko Haram for more than four weeks, said.
John was among three girls who recently escaped from Boko Haram. She had worried she would never see freedom again.
“The way they spoke to us, they had no intention of releasing us,” she said. “They said we would be married off as soon as we got well and that they would marry us to their members who were single. We never thought we would regain our freedom.” Continue reading this article
Many factory floors can look like lonely places today, if you expect to see human workers. The assembly line designed by Henry Ford created jobs for thousands of Americans, but recently those workers have been replaced by machines.
In the U.S., more than 1.1 million secretaries vanished from the job market between 2000 and 2010, their job security shattered by software that lets bosses field calls themselves and arrange their own meetings and trips. Over the same period, the number of telephone operators plunged by 64 percent, word processors and typists by 63 percent, travel agents by 46 percent and bookkeepers by 26 percent, according to Labor Department statistics.
And people wonder why the recession’s recovery has been jobless. It’s death by a thousand cuts.
Productivity has gone up while employment has decreased in the past 15 years. That fact alone should be a big hint about the effects of robots, computers and automation.
America certainly doesn’t need millions of low-skilled immigrant workers invading the job market, yet Washington acts as if labor needs are the same as 50 years ago. A 2013 Oxford University study (“The Future of Employment: How Susceptible Are Jobs to Computerisation?”) concluded that “about 47 percent of total US employment is at risk” to be replaced by smart machines.
America therefore needs ZERO immigrants to fill jobs. Enlarging the angry jobless underclass is unwise, to say the least.
The businesses that produce industrial robots have been pushing forward, and smart machines have gotten cheaper and as a result are a viable alternative to humans.
Manufacturers will significantly accelerate their use of robots in U.S. factories over the next decade as they become cheaper and perform more tasks, constraining payroll growth, according to a study out Tuesday.
The development is expected to dramatically boost productivity and slow the long-standing migration of factories across the globe to take advantage of low-cost labor, says the Boston Consulting Group report.
“Advanced robotics are changing the calculus of manufacturing,” says Harold Sirkin, a senior partner at the research firm.
A handful of nations, including the U.S. and China, are poised to reap the biggest benefits of the automation wave.
About 1.2 million additional advanced robots are expected to be deployed in the U.S. by 2025, BCG says. Four industries will lead the shift — computer and electronics products; electrical equipment and appliances; transportation; and machinery — largely because more of their tasks can be automated and they deliver the biggest cost savings.
About 10% of all manufacturing functions are automated, a share that will rise to nearly 25% in a decade as robotic vision sensors and gripping systems improve, the research firm says.
Meanwhile, costs are tumbling. The cost to purchase and start up an advanced robotic spot welder has plunged from $182,000 in 2005 to $133,000 in 2014, with the price forecast to drop another 22% by 2025. Continue reading this article
A couple years ago, Sweden’s liberal political elites went completely bonkers by offering their nation as a home for unlimited Syrian refugees at a time when two million had been driven out by the Islamic civil war. There’s no way that one-tenth that number of Muslim Middle Easterners could be successfully settled in Sweden (population 9.6 million), which still has a semblance of European culture even though Swedo-elites worship diversity with a scary intensity.
But objections from concerned Swedes about the unraveling of their society have only influenced the stubborn left government to ratchet up diversity such that there is no escape from it: a law is being written that would spread refugees all over the country. No town would be safe from immigrants. No Swede would be permitted to live in a traditional manner, away from Muslim diversity.
Resistance is futile! All will be assimilated into the perfect utopian Diversistan!
UPDATED: Sweden’s integration minister Ylva Johansson is preparing a new law that would force all regions to take in asylum seekers. Meanwhile, opposition leader Anna Kinberg Batra has announced plans to strengthen income requirements for immigrants.
While Sweden has made global headlines for taking in more refugees per capita than any other EU nation, these immigrants are largely clustered on the outskirts of major cities in the south, with some parts of the country currently taking in just a handful of newcomers.
Sweden’s Social Democrat integration minister Ylva Johansson has announced that she is drafting a new law designed to make sure all regions take in asylum seekers and offer help with jobs and housing.
“The distribution is unreasonable. We need to make changes in the law for everyone to take responsibility,” she told Swedish newspaper Sydsvenskan on Thursday. Continue reading this article
Sergeant Alonzo Lunsford was shot seven times by Hasan and appeared on Fox News Saturday morning, remarking, “As service members, we put our life on the line so that we can live free in life with the pursuit of happiness, but to be treated the way we were treated in the aftermath, that’s just not right. But we’re trained to be focused, disciplined with the result that we won this battle.”
The change of status for the victims is a small victory against the Obama administration that has insisted that the mass murder was “workplace violence” despite the Allahu Ackbar shrieks of Hasan (a son of Palestinian immigrants) as he shot down the unarmed soldiers.
General George Casey Jr. [pictured], the Army chief of staff, said on Sunday that he was concerned that speculation about the religious beliefs of Maj. Nidal Malik Hasan, accused of killing 12 fellow soldiers and one civilian and wounding dozens of others in a shooting rampage at Fort Hood, could “cause a backlash against some of our Muslim soldiers.”
“I’ve asked our Army leaders to be on the lookout for that,” General Casey said in an interview on CNN’s “State of the Union. “It would be a shame — as great a tragedy as this was — it would be a shame if our diversity became a casualty as well.”
General Casey, who was appeared on three Sunday news programs, used almost the same language during an interview on ABC’s “This Week With George Stephanopoulos,” an indication of the Army’s effort to ward off bias against the more than 3,000 Muslims in its ranks.
“A diverse Army gives us strength,” General Casey, who visited Fort Hood Friday, said on “This Week.”
Along that line, the Pentagon’s own report in 2011 of the mass murder was a shameful whitewash based on the “workplace violence” meme.
Senator Lieberman stated, “…our investigation found that employees of the Department of Defense and the FBI had compelling evidence of Nidal Hasan’s growing embrace of violent Islamist extremism in the years before the attack should have caused them to discharge him from the U.S. military and make him the subject of an aggressive counter-terrorism investigation.”
Has the military learned anything from this terrible jihad attack on the homeland, in one of their own bases? Maybe. But the administration is sticking to its policies of support for Islam despite its 1400 years of mayhem and conquest.
At least the For Hood victims are getting a little justice at a late date, no thanks to the Pentagon. The jihad massacre shows that not only is Muslim immigration a very bad idea, but admitting Muslims to our military as soldiers is even worse.
FORT HOOD — Victims of the 2009 post shooting will finally get Purple Hearts, the Army announced Friday.
“This is a long time coming. It’s a day we’re going to celebrate,” said U.S. Rep. John Carter, R-Round Rock, during a news conference Friday outside Fort Hood’s main gate.
A policy change to the National Defense Authorization Act, signed into law Dec. 19, deems service members who are victims of an attack that was inspired or motivated by a U.S. State Department-designated foreign terrorist organization eligible to receive the Purple Heart Medal.
The provision is retroactively effective as of Sept. 11, 2001.
“We awarded it on 9/11 to the people attacked at the Pentagon. That, in my opinion, set the precedent that you don’t have to be on the battlefield,” Carter said.
Secretary of the Army John McHugh said Friday he approved awarding the Purple Heart and its civilian counterpart, the Secretary of Defense Medal for the Defense of Freedom, to victims of the Nov. 5, 2009, shooting at Fort Hood, following the change in the medals’ eligibility criteria mandated by Congress. Thirteen people were killed and more than 30 wounded in the attack by Nidal Hasan, who was convicted in August 2013, of 13 counts of premeditated murder and 32 counts of attempted murder. Continue reading this article
New York City has an official website idNYC and offers applications in 25 languages. It assures applicants “Immigration status does not matter.” If only liberals were so kind toward citizens.
As noted by the website New Immigrant in the City (which looks suspiciously official), the cards include discounts and freebies, like a “one-year free membership package at 33 of the City’s leading cultural institutions, including world class museums, performing arts centers, concert halls, botanical gardens, and zoos in all five boroughs.” There are also discounts on prescription drugs, movie tickets, supermarket purchases and more.
As a result of the free stuff made available to all of the eight million New York City residents, the program is more popular than the city pols imagined. Or perhaps there are more illegals than officially estimated.
First there were long lines and waits that lasted hours, followed by website glitches, protracted hold times on telephone information lines and extreme difficulty in arranging timely appointments.
The introduction of New York’s much-heralded municipal identification program, one of Mayor Bill de Blasio’s signature initiatives, has been anything but smooth since it began on Jan. 12, with the surge in demand far surpassing the city’s estimates and overwhelming a system created to handle far fewer applicants.
Officials have scrambled to expand the program’s capacity and to accelerate the application process.
But after nearly four weeks, the city is still trying to catch up with the demand. As of Thursday, the earliest available appointment was on May 18, at a processing center in Manhattan. Appointments in Queens were booked until later in May, and on Staten Island until July. Residents of Brooklyn and the Bronx who sought appointments in those boroughs were out of luck: The calendars were completely full.
Critics have likened the program’s bumpy start to the fraught rollout of the health-insurance exchange website created under the Affordable Care Act, a comparison that city officials, including the mayor, have rebutted.
Still, the problems have frustrated many prospective applicants and even some of the city’s collaborators in the effort.
Yiyi Zhang, a lawyer with New Sanctuary Coalition NYC, a legal services and advocacy group, said that the long delays for appointments were “disappointing.” Members of her coalition, including undocumented immigrants, lobbied publicly for the identification program, but are now being forced to endure long waits to get their cards.
The President likes to talk up the American middle class and how he is working to protect it. Meanwhile in the real world, the middle class is shrinking because of Washington policies like mass immigration, outsourcing and excess regulation.
Obama has courted the billionaires of Silicon Valley to be supporters, and the tech bosses like open borders for IT workers so they can make even more money. A major tool is the H-1b visa for foreign tech employees who are supposed to be used only when a citizen cannot be found to do the job.
On Friday, Fox News journalist William La Jeunesse reported on the current state of H-1b visas with a timely example: Southern California Edison has brought in hundreds of Indians to replace citizen employees.
LA JEUNESSE: The president talks a lot about protecting the middle class yet 400 American workers here in Los Angeles are losing good middle class jobs to foreign workers on visas approved by the administration. Laid off workers at SCE, Southern California’s largest utility are furious because they must also train replacements from India. [. . .]
The Immigration and Nationality Act requires the hiring of a foreign worker not adversely affect the wages and working conditions of US workers comparably employed, but experts say the law is routinely ignored. [. . .]
SCE will save about $40,000 per worker, about $16 million a year by replacing American workers with foreigners on an H-1b visa.
Professor Norm Matloff’s newish blog, Norm Says No, has a lot of information about the wrong idea that the US needs to import millions of tech workers because Americans aren’t interested in the occupation. Not so: the wealthy companies just want to save some money.
America’s Senator, Jeff Sessions, read from the Computerworld article below, concerning SCE’s use of H-1bs, starting at around 2:35, on the Senate floor on Thursday as part of a talk about Washington’s attack on the American worker.
About 500 IT jobs are cut at utility through layoffs and voluntary departures
Information technology workers at Southern California Edison (SCE) are being laid off and replaced by workers from India. Some employees are training their H-1B visa holding replacements, and many have already lost their jobs.
The employees are upset and say they can’t understand how H-1B guest workers can be used to replace them.
The IT organization’s “transition effort” is expected to result in about 400 layoffs, with “another 100 or so employees leaving voluntarily,” SCE said in a statement. The “transition,” which began in August, will be completed by the end of March, the company said.
“They are bringing in people with a couple of years’ experience to replace us and then we have to train them,” said one longtime IT worker. “It’s demoralizing and in a way I kind of felt betrayed by the company.”
SCE, Southern California’s largest utility, has confirmed the layoffs and the hiring of Infosys, based in Bangalore, and Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) in Mumbai. They are two of the largest users of H-1B visas.
The utility has a large IT department. In 2012, before any layoffs, it had about 1,800 employees, plus an additional 1,500 contract workers.
Computerworld interviewed, separately, four affected SCE IT employees. They agreed to talk on the condition that their names not be used.
The IT employees at SCE are “beyond furious,” said a second IT worker.
The H-1B program “was supposed to be for projects and jobs that American workers could not fill,” this worker said. “But we’re doing our job. It’s not like they are bringing in these guys for new positions that nobody can fill.
The President really should avoid the National Prayer Breakfast because it is not a good venue for his unique skill set. Rather than adopting an attitude of humble spirituality, his inner lecturer tends to take over, and expresses itself in tiresome tropes of moral equivalency like comparing medieval Christianity with today’s headchoppy arsonist Islam.
His strongest religious belief is apparently that Americans are sinners, both historically and currently, who need to be scolded and punished, as well as replaced by illegal aliens.
Yes, Professor, the Inquisition was evil, and bad things happened during the Crusades, though the goal of defending Christianity’s home from hostile Muslims was quite noble. But appalling atrocities occur today and the President routinely excuses them because of the religion of the killers.
The mention of the Crusades is another bow to jihadists, who commonly refer to Christians as Crusaders, and not in a friendly way. In 1998, Osama bin Laden urged fellow Muslims to join him in jihad against “Jews and Crusaders.”
President Obama, at the National Prayer Breakfast this morning, said:
Unless we get on our high horse and think this is unique to some other place, remember that during the Crusades and the Inquisition, people committed terrible deeds in the name of Christ. In our home country, slavery and Jim Crow all too often was justified in the name of Christ.
This is banal.
The problem with all such high-horse declarations by Obama is his continual omission of historical context and, in this case, his conflation of the frequent with the rare. The Crusades began in 1095, almost a millennium ago; the Inquisition in 1478, now over 500 years past. When the president says “people committed terrible deeds in the name of Christ,” he should remember that all religions at the time committed terrible deeds that shock the modern sense of morality — given the savage wars between Christendom and Islam, and the religious purifications and civil discord common to all the religious factional strife that played out, violently, in accord with the ethos of the times.
Slavery was outlawed in the U.S. in 1865. Jim Crow ended officially a half-century ago. Indentured servitude, however, continues, almost exclusively among some Islamic groups in the Middle East and Africa. The caste system and ethnic and religious tribalism that institutionalized discrimination and second-class status, quite akin to Jim Crow, persist in places in Africa, Asia, and the Middle East. I doubt today whether a Jew of any nationality would be allowed to immigrate and buy real estate in too many corners of the Islamic Middle East. Outside of the West, women and homosexuals are often treated no differently than in the Seventh Century. Continue reading this article
Fair Use: This site contains copyrighted material, the use of which has not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. We are making such material available in our efforts to advance understanding of issues related to culture and mass immigration. We believe this constitutes a "fair use" of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, the material on this site is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes. For more information, see: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/html/uscode17/usc_sec_17_00000107----000-.html. In order to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond "fair use", you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.