Never mind that candidate Jerry Brown pledged in 2010 not to reward lawbreaking foreigners with the precious identification document: he now presides over a diverse one-party state where he can do anything he wants. The legislature has produced a bill creating illegal alien driver’s licenses so the Governor says he will sign it.
Naturally the local propaganda rag celebrated the abrogation of law as a step forward in the liberal agenda of smashing national sovereignty and coddling diverse non-Americans:
What about insurance, required from all drivers? In 2003 New Mexico enacted DLs for illegal aliens in the hope that they would become responsible vehicle operators and purchase car insurance. The experiment failed of course, and NM is consistently one of the most uninsured states.
So much for public safety and non-inflated car insurance — law-abiding Californians lose again.
SACRAMENTO — Illegal immigrants living in California will soon be able to get driver’s licenses.
Thursday night’s passage of AB60 by Assemblyman Luis Alejo, D-Salinas, capped years of Democratic effort — most notably by former assemblyman and state Sen. Gil Cedillo, now a Los Angeles city councilman. The state Senate approved it 28-8, the Assembly 55-19.
Gov. Jerry Brown immediately issued a statement indicating he’ll sign it. “This bill will enable millions of people to get to work safely and legally,” he said. “Hopefully, it will send a message to Washington that immigration reform is long past due.”
Supporters from both parties said undocumented immigrants already drive in California, and roads will be safer if all drivers are trained, licensed and insured.
The bill was almost derailed by the concerns of immigration advocates that the licenses issued to illegal immigrants would be marked differently than those issued to others.
“As an American Jew, I am very sensitive to the ‘mark’ issues raised by the well-intended opponents of this measure,” state Senate President Pro Tem Darrell Steinberg, D-Sacramento, said Thursday while arguing for passage of the bill.
But while the yellow Stars of David that European Jews had to wear during the Holocaust were tools for furthering discrimination and genocide, these licenses will help end discrimination, Steinberg said.
Nine other states have similar laws, six of which were enacted this year.
In Los Angeles, unlicensed drivers (who are almost always illegal aliens) have been a source of criticism from public safety advocates because Mayor Villaraigosa and PD Chief Beck have been cutting them extra slack. The purpose of the permissiveness is to make life easier for foreign lawbreakers, and particularly to facilitate their driving to the jobs they have stolen from Americans.
LOS ANGELES (CBSLA.com) — The number of hit-and-run accidents in Los Angeles is four times higher than the national average, with one in five fatal crashes involving an unlicensed driver, according to a new report.
Don Rosenberg, the founder of UnlicensedToKill.org, told KNX 1070 NEWSRADIO that an estimated 750,000 illegal immigrants live in the L.A. area and those who drive could pose “an immense threat to society”.
“The AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety reports unlicensed drivers are five times more likely to kill, they will flee the scene over 50 percent of the time, five times more likely to drive drunk,” said Rosenberg.
In a whitepaper compiling statistics of hit-and-run accidents, Rosenberg found that unlicensed drivers were involved in more than 7,600 fatal crashes — about 20 percent of fatal crashes nationwide.
There were an estimated 21,000 hit-and-run collisions that were reported as “accidents” in Los Angeles in 2010 alone, according to the study.
“In Los Angeles in terms of hit-and-runs, it’s way outside the norm,” said Rosenberg. “On a national level, there’s about 11 percent of traffic collisions end up being hit-and-runs…in Los Angeles, it’s 50 percent.” Continue reading this article
The city of Los Angeles has suffered a number of preventable crimes committed by illegal aliens, but the Chief of Police Charlie Beck is less concerned with protecting public safety than maintaining communications with unlawful foreigners, saying, “We need to build trust in these communities.”
To that end, Chief Beck plans to disregard the successful federal program Secure Communities, which identifies already arrested criminals for their immigration status and turns illegals over to federal authorities for deportation.
Beck insists that under his leadership, only so-called “low-level” criminals will be released back onto the streets, rather than deported to their true homelands, so the little citizens needn’t worry about their safety.
Another action by Beck, under the direction of Mayor Villaraigosa, has been to end the impounds of vehicles driven by unlicensed drivers, a change which was admittedly enacted to benefit illegal aliens. The change essentially removed licensing as a requirement for driving, which made the roadways more dangerous. Unlicensed drivers are involved in one in five fatal crashes according to a 2008 study from the AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety.
But threats to public safety are no problema for LA’s pro-illegal political leadership — Viva Mexico!
Los Angeles Police Chief Charlie Beck, announcing Thursday that hundreds of illegal immigrants arrested by his officers each year in low-level crimes would no longer be turned over to federal authorities for deportation, said he believes the change will help his department’s crime-fighting efforts.
“It strikes me as somebody who runs a police department that is 45% Hispanic and polices a city that is at least that, that we need to build trust in these communities and we need to build cooperation or we won’t be prepared,” Beck said.
The new rules, which are expected to affect about 400 people arrested each year, mark a dramatic attempt by the nation’s second-largest police department to distance itself from federal immigration policies that Beck says are unfair to undocumented immigrants suspected of committing petty offenses.
It’s the latest in a series of moves by Beck to redefine the Los Angeles Police Department’s position on immigration issues. Earlier this year, the chief pushed through a controversial plan that limits the cases in which police officers impound vehicles of drivers operating without a license — a group consisting largely of illegal immigrants. And he came out in favor of issuing driver’s licenses to illegal immigrants. Continue reading this article
Many of these non-Engilsh-speakers are illegal aliens or anchor children of illegals. Another measure of the lawless foreigner incursion is the taxpayer tab: $646 million in welfare costs (not including education) for children of illegal aliens according to Supervisor Michael Antonovich.
In the roll-out for the new freebie, Mayor Villaraigosa was in front of the cameras, perhaps seeking to burnish his sagging image after his unpopular policy of ending vehicle impounds for unlicensed drivers in the city. On Thursday, the John and Ken Show featured the subject of free food in California and the new program [LISTEN.] Reporter Jo Quan from KFI News attended the presser and asked “Isn’t it the parents’ responsibility to feed kids breakfast?”
Villaraigosa responded, “I can’t believe you asked the question, to be honest.”
The idea of parental responsibility is a head-scratcher in some quarters.
Quan further reported that the Food for Thought program will have a substantial federal funding component, despite most news stories defining it as totally private (discussed at around 8:00 in the audio above).
Apparently such a huge number of kids living in poverty in not worthy of comment by news organizations. But it is the predictable outcome of welcoming millions of poor illegal aliens from the third world for decades.
The joint effort of L.A. Unified and a fundraising group is aimed at boosting the share of students who eat the meal at school from 29% to 70%. Research has linked breakfast to higher academic performance.
Amayrany Reyes ignored the yogurt but gobbled up her strawberries and nibbled her blueberry muffin. Then the bright-eyed third-grader, sporting a pink bow in her long braid, delivered the verdict on breakfast in her Los Angeles classroom.
“Everything is good,” she said, adding that the food makes her feel more energetic.
More than 200,000 students in 267 schools will enjoy such breakfast benefits in the next year under a major initiative announced Thursday by the Los Angeles Unified School District and the L.A. Fund for Public Education, a fundraising group.
The “Food for Thought” program, which will take morning meals into the classroom rather than just the cafeteria, is aimed at boosting the share of students who eat school breakfast from 29% to 70%, according to David Binkle, the district’s food services deputy director.
Children from low-income families — who make up about 80% of L.A. Unified students — are less likely to eat breakfast, according to the California Food Policy Advocates. Some parents may not be able to afford the food; others may leave for work too early to make breakfast for their children. Continue reading this article
You had to know this was coming: Mexico City’s favorite California legislator, Gil Cedillo, the Energizer Bunny of obtaining goodies for his illegal alien ethnic brothers, has popped up with familiar legislation to permit illegal aliens to obtain state driver’s licenses, which are also legal identification.
Cedillo plopped his DL bill into the hopper last Friday, the last day to do so, and the ninth time (at least) for his beloved bill. Cedillo is termed out from the California legislature this year, so it’s his final attempt to win a privilege for his fellow tribe members that will endanger the public at large.
Beck and Baca have insisted that setting up a system of requiring aliens to be tested about the rules of the road and getting insurance would improve public safety. But what illegal aliens would sign up for an arrangement that would identify them as lawbreaking foreigners? They don’t want to fill out government forms and be put on the radar.
After winning passage of a law allowing some undocumented immigrants to apply for college aid, Assemblyman Gil Cedillo’s new goal is driver’s licenses.
The Los Angeles Democrat will carry legislation this year that would allow undocumented immigrants to be licensed, tested and insured.
Similar Cedillo measures have passed the Democrat-controlled Legislature in years past but were vetoed by Republican Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger.
Cedillo hopes to work with Democratic Gov. Jerry Brown on a bill that can pass muster.
The issue has been extremely controversial among lawmakers for much of the past 10 years, with opponents arguing that people who are in California illegally have no right to such privileges.
“You should not legitimize a fundamentally illegal act,” said Assemblyman Jim Nielsen, R-Gerber.
Former Gov. Gray Davis actually signed a Cedillo license bill in 2002, but it was repealed before it could take effect after Davis was recalled the following year. Arnold Schwarzenegger had made it an issue in the recall, and legislative Democrats agreed to the repeal after he won. Continue reading this article
In Los Angeles, Mayor Tony Villaraigosa and his police chief Charlie Beck have rolled out a new policy to benefit illegal aliens that will seriously undermine public safety. Presently, when an officer comes in contact with an unlicensed driver (often an illegal alien), the vehicle is impounded for 30 days as a punishment for illegal driving plus the money needed to bail out the car. The proposed new policy would allow the lawbreaker to call a friend to come retrieve the car or truck: therefore no punishment.
Nobody pretends that the change is anything but a convenience for illegal aliens. LAPD Chief Beck has said impounds and the associated fees represent an onerous burden to people “who are a valuable asset to our community and who have very limited resources.” No officials in city government worry that poor citizens are harmed by expensive tickets they might incur.
“The car should be confiscated and the driver should be arrested, and if they are caught again, then just keep jacking up the penalty until this stops,” Rosenberg said. “There’s over a million unlicensed drivers in California, and they’re killing people every day.”
Below, Drew, Don and Evan Rosenberg in happier times.
You can also hear a description of the meeting on the John and Ken show from January 18 which includes a recording of Rosenberg’s remarks about how liberal impound policies lead to injury and death, plus his later reflections live on the radio show.
LOS ANGELES, Calif. (KTLA) — The LAPD is looking to changing the department’s policy for towing and impounding cars belonging to unlicensed drivers, and that is sparking outrage among many people.
If officers stop an unlicensed driver under current laws, they tow the vehicle and impound it for 30 days.
Immigrant rights groups believe people in the U.S. illegally are unfairly targeted because they cannot obtain driver’s licenses.
After their vehicles are impounded, they face stiff fines and can’t get to work.
Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa and Police Chief Charlie Beck want to change the policy, offering leniency to unlicensed drivers.
Changes to the LAPD’s policy would lift the 30-day impound and give either the registered owner or a licensed driver a reasonable chance to retrieve the vehicle.
A new state law stops cops from impounding cars at sobriety checkpoints.
Critics, including the LAPD police union, say the changes just reward lawbreakers, and put politics above safety.
One person opposing the changes is Don Rosenberg, whose 25-year-old son Andrew was killed in an accident involving an unlicensed driver in 2010.
“He was arrested,” Rosenberg said. “His car was impounded.”
“Less than 24 hours later, he had signed the title over to another person. She got the car out of impoundment (sic), and he just started driving again.”
Rosenberg says he thinks the city should maintain a tough policy on unlicensed drivers.
“The car should be confiscated and the driver should be arrested, and if they are caught again, then just keep jacking up the penalty until this stops,” Rosenberg said. “There’s over a million unlicensed drivers in California, and they’re killing people every day.”
Rosenberg was one of a few hundred people who attended a community forum hosted by the Los Angeles Police Commission Tuesday night in Northridge meant to give residents the opportunity to express their opinions on the proposed changes to the policy.
And the residents’ opinions were resoundingly negative. Nearly everyone inside the packed meeting was upset over the proposed changes.
“It doesn’t matter if you’re legal or illegal. If you’re an unlicensed driver, you should not be driving,” one man told the commission.
Rosenberg received a resounding applause from the crowd when he spoke.
“If you think it’s fair, you come down the road and come meet my son in his cemetery and you tell him that this is fair,” Rosenberg said, addressing Beck and the commission.
We little citizens are supposed to celebrate New Year’s Day, but in backwards Mexifornia, that’s the date when the bad new laws go into effect. So the holiday also has a strong batten-down-the-hatches aspect.
One of the worst concoctions from Sacramento this year is the law that prohibits the impounding of cars driven by unlicensed drivers. It was enacted in October to make life easier for illegal aliens.
It used to be the law that unlicensed drivers snagged in checkpoints or during traffic stops would lose their vehicles to the impound yard and have to pay a big fine to bail them out. But that was deemed too troublesome for illegal aliens, so the only punishment left to dissuade unlicensed driving was scrapped.
Pandering to illegals makes the roadways more dangerous for the public, but the Mexican tail wags the Democrat dog in the California capital.
“This could have been avoided if the driver had taken the bus,” said Officer Kristi Sandoval, who serves on the Police Protective League board. “She could have saved a life if she were willing to be inconvenienced.”
As a police officer I can tell you that when we pull over an unlicensed driver whom is in this country illegally with NO license or insurance (so if they get into a collision you are totally financially responsible for damage / injury even if it is through no fault of your own), also these drivers are also much more likely to leave the seen of an accident as well regardless if you are injured / dying. But back to my original point, I have to give the unlicensed driver twenty minutes to call a friend to come get his or her car (this is the law of our state). Now if you are an American who had a license who somehow got it revoked I (by statute of state law) immediately no questions asked have to tow your car. I have not an ounce of leeway in this matter. How is that fair and equal treatment under the law?
Escondido, Calif. (AP) — Delfino Aldama was fixing a customer’s brakes this month when his smartphone chimed with a text message that tipped him to a police checkpoint more than an hour before officers began stopping motorists. The self-employed auto mechanic frantically called friends with the location and drove an alternate route home.
The Mexico native had reason to be alarmed: He does not have a driver’s license because he is in the United States illegally, and it would cost about $1,400 to get his Nissan Frontier pickup back from the towing company. He has breathed a little easier since he began getting blast text messages two years ago from activists who scour streets to find checkpoints as they are being set up.
The cat-and-mouse game ends Jan. 1 when a new law takes effect in California to prohibit police from impounding cars at sobriety checkpoints if a motorist’s only offense is being an unlicensed driver. Thousands of cars are towed each year in the state under those circumstances, hitting pocketbooks of illegal immigrants especially hard.
When Aldama’s 1992 Honda Civic was towed from a checkpoint years ago, he quit his job frying chickens at a fast-food restaurant because he had no way to make the 40-mile round trip to work. He abandoned the car rather than pay about $1,200 in fees.
“A car is a necessity, it’s not a luxury,” said the 35-year-old Aldama, who lives in Escondido with his wife, who is a legal resident, and their 5-year-old son, a U.S. citizen.
Assemblyman Gil Cedillo, a Los Angeles Democrat who tried unsuccessfully to restore driver licenses to illegal immigrants after California revoked the privilege in 1993, said he introduced the bill to ban towing after learning the notoriously corrupt city of Bell raked in big fees from unlicensed drivers at checkpoints.
A sharp increase in federally funded sobriety checkpoints in California has fueled controversy. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration paid for 2,553 checkpoints last year, which authorities say helps explain why deaths caused by drunken drivers dropped to an all-time low in the state. Continue reading this article
When it come to priorities in today’s Mexifornia, public safety takes a distant second place (or less) compared with removing discomfort for lawbreaking illegal aliens. The latest example is the end to LA’s policy of impounding cars driven by unlicensed drivers.
The idea of equal justice for all under the law takes quite a battering also, as shown by the headline of the ultra-liberal Los Angeles Times (below), clearly revealing that a punishment was removed to suit foreign lawbreakers. More Americans will be endangered and possibly killed because of hispandering to illegal aliens.
The change would let unlicensed drivers summon someone with a license, who would then be allowed to drive the car away. Chief Charlie Beck calls it a fairness issue. The police union opposes the plan.
Unlicensed drivers without prior convictions would be given the chance to avoid having their vehicles impounded under new rules outlined Tuesday by the Los Angeles Police Department.
The proposed changes to the impound procedures are a potentially explosive issue because LAPD Chief Charlie Beck designed the reforms to remedy what he believes is the unfair burden that impounds place on illegal immigrants. Since immigrants who are in the country illegally cannot get driver’s licenses in California and most other states, they make up the majority of the drivers who have their cars impounded for the infraction.
Beck contends that the hundreds of dollars in fees and fines that must be paid to retrieve an impounded car and the disruption to illegal immigrants’ often tenuous hold on jobs deal a disproportionate blow to people “who are a valuable asset to our community and who have very limited resources.”
In an interview Tuesday, Beck amplified his position: “It’s a fairness issue. There is a vast difference between someone driving without a license because they cannot legally be issued one and someone driving after having their license revoked.”
The city’s influential police union, which is leading the opposition to the plan, has criticized Beck and Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa for trying what they see as an effort to score political points through reforms that the union warns could hurt public safety.
Under the current rules, L.A. police are instructed to impound cars driven by people who either do not have a license or who have had their license revoked or suspended, said Assistant Chief Michel Moore.
Under the new rules, police would let an unlicensed driver who has not been convicted previously of driving without a valid license summon someone with a license, who would then be allowed to drive the car away. Continue reading this article
SANTA MARIA - Currently anyone who is stopped at a DUI checkpoint and is determined to be sober but driving without a valid drivers license is issued a citation and has their vehicle impounded for 30 days.
Assembly Bill 353 changes that law.
Under the new law written by Democrat Assemblyman Gil Cedillo of Los Angeles, if a sober driver is caught at a DUI checkpoint without a valid drivers license, law enforcement officers must release the car to a qualified driver representing the registered owner.
If a legal driver is not readily available, AB 353 says the vehicle is to be released to one later at the impound yard.
“It’s problematic in the sense that they are going to drive that vehicle again”, says Santa Maria Police Chief Dan Macagni, “a licensed driver will drive around the corner or to a house and release it back to the unlicensed driver, putting them back on the road and that puts all in danger, so we’re a little disappointed with the Governor’s decision.”
Some Latino lawmakers and Latino advocacy groups like PUEBLO have alleged that DUI checkpoints have been misused to unfairly target illegal immigrants most of whom do not have drivers licenses.
They argue 30 days of impound fees, which can reach as high as $1500, turns out to be more than the car is worth leaving some drivers without transportation creating a chronically unfair cycle that will never change until California issues driver licenses to undocumented immigrants.
The practice has also generated millions of dollars in fines and fees for cities and tow companies.
Santa Maria Police say its not about the money, its about public safety.
“We’ve towed as many as 40 in one given night”, Chief Macagni says, “we’re going to have to conduct our DUI checkpoints in an area that is conducive to parking several vehicles for the safety of my officers and the other motorists that are coming through, our goal is to improve the safety out on the roads for our motorists that are there legally and if you don’t have a drivers license your shouldn’t be driving, the law is the law.”
Macagni points out AB 353 applies only to vehicles that go through DUI checkpoints and not vehicles that are stopped during routine police patrols or other police business.
Gov. Jerry Brown, in an earlier official incarnation, recommended that politicians should “paddle to the left, paddle to the right.” But truth be told, Democrat Brown has been very left-wing, notably when he allowed state government employees to become unionized, which has been a major element in California’s sinking finances. His recent decisions show how well he fits into crazy-leftist Sacramento, where the Mexican tail wags the Democrat dog.
On Monday, Brown okayed the non-impoundment of vehicles belonging to unlicensed drivers, making the highways far more hazardous. It was the only punishment for illegal alien drivers who don’t even get a handslap in this state. Now they will have zero reason to avoid driving.
Below is a July report (DUI checkpoints: Profit over practicality?, KABC Los Angeles) when the bill went through committee, where bogus claims were made that checkpoints were a scam for the state to make money. That was just to cover up the Raza objective of making life easier for illegal alien diversity, even though the legislation makes the highways more dangerous for everyone. Crime victim mom Ellen Rosenberg of Westlake Village appeared and held a picture of her son, Drew, who was killed by an unlicensed driver last year.
[. . .]
Brown also signed a bill prohibiting police from arresting many unlicensed drivers and impounding their cars at drunken-driving checkpoints.
Advocates for illegal immigrants backed the bill, AB353 by Assemblyman Gil Cedillo, D-Los Angeles, saying the immigrants are in a costly bind. They can’t obtain driver’s licenses, but must drive to support themselves, and were significantly impacted by the fees for impounded cars.
Under the law, police cannot impound a car at a checkpoint if the only offense was driving without a license.
Citation, no arrest
Officers must make a reasonable effort to contact the registered owner of the car, or a licensed driver authorized by the registered owner to pick up the car. Police may issue a citation for driving without a license but cannot arrest the driver.
Mark Silverman, director of immigration policy at the Immigrant Legal Resource Center, said the law helps build trust between police and the immigrant community.
“It’s good for the immigrants, it’s good for public safety, it’s good for everyone but the towing companies,” Silverman said.
But Dan Rosenberg, who testified against the bill after his 25-year-old son was killed last year by an unlicensed driver in San Francisco, was furious when he learned Brown had signed the bill. He vowed to work to repeal it.
“He’s just sentenced hundreds of people to death this year by signing this bill,” said Rosenberg, who lives in Westlake Village (Los Angeles County).
Studies by the AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety have found that unlicensed drivers are more dangerous than licensed drivers.
As a fifth-generation California farmer who is also a classicist and military historian, Victor Davis Hanson is one of the most astute observers of the state’s dystopic diversity. Last December he started biking around for a ground-level view of his farm-country environs and characterized what he saw as Two Californias.
Now he is back, fearing the place is on a “razor’s edge with disaster.”
We calibrate California’s decline by its myriad of paradoxes. The nation’s highest bundle of gas, sales, and income taxes cannot close the nation’s largest annual deficit at $25 billion. Test scores are at the country’s near bottom; teachers’ salaries at the very top. Scores of the affluent are leaving each week; scores of the indigent are arriving. The nation’s most richly endowed state is also the most regulated; the most liberal of our residents are also the most ready to practice apartheid in their Bel Air or Palo Alto enclaves.
We now see highway patrolmen and city police, in the manner of South American law enforcement, out in force. Everywhere they are monitoring, watching, ticketing — no warnings, no margins of error — desperate to earn traffic fines that might feed the state that feeds them. I could go on. But you get the picture that we are living on the fumes of a rich state that our forefathers brilliantly exploited, and now there is not much energy left in the fading exhaust to keep us going.
I see California in terms now of the razor’s edge with disaster not far in either direction. A postmodern affluent lifestyle hangs in the balance here without a margin of error. Let me give some examples.
I drive a lot on the 99 Freeway both northward and southward. (What follows would apply to the 101 as well, or, in fact, to most state “freeways.”) In vast stretches of the 99 it is unchanged from the two lanes when I first began driving in 1969, but now with worse pavement, larger potholes, and treacherous shoulders. Yet the state then had about 20, not 37 million people, and around 12 million licensed drivers, not well over 25 million (and who knows how many unlicensed drivers?). Nonetheless, our ancestors were brilliant sorts, and left us a well-engineered and planned grid that can still handle all sorts of the minor challenges. So on a day of perfect weather, with good drivers, at low traffic hours between 9 and 2, and without ongoing road maintenance or construction, I can make the 190 miles to either Sacramento or Los Angeles in three hours — just as I used to in far older, less reliable cars of 30 years past.
But that is rare these days. You see, there are too many proverbial ifs now. Tamper with just one variable — leave too early or return too late; have some rain or fog; have one of the two lanes shut down for anything from tree trimming to pothole filling; experience one idiot whose lawn-mower or paint sprayer fell out of his open flatbed truck — and the fragile system shuts completely down, creating paralysis for thousands of backed-up drivers. For our generation’s grid to work as it should, we would need three lanes, in good condition, perhaps four — and a pool of drivers who were all trained, licensed, registered, and insured. But you see, we had other priorities and values the last twenty years and so we took for granted the freeways we inherited. So we indulged and as the proverbially obese clogged our arteries. Continue reading this article
Fair Use: This site contains copyrighted material, the use of which has not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. We are making such material available in our efforts to advance understanding of issues related to culture and mass immigration. We believe this constitutes a "fair use" of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, the material on this site is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes. For more information, see: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/html/uscode17/usc_sec_17_00000107----000-.html. In order to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond "fair use", you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.